Acid-Base, Fluids, and Electrolytes

autores Reilly , Perazella
materias Nefrologia
  • EDITOR Mcgraw Hill
  • NIVEL Profesional
  • STOCKNO
  • IDIOMAInglés
Códigos
  • ISBN 978-0-07-148634-7
  • EAN 9780071486347
Colección
  • Colección Lange
  • Número -
Características
  • Encuadernado Rústica
  • Páginas -
  • Largo -
  • Ancho -
  • Peso -
Edición
  • Fecha 15-06-2007
  • Número 1
  • Año 2007
Reseña
This is the most convenient, easy-to-use resource available on one of the most fundamental issues in inpatient management. The authors of McGraw-Hill's critically-acclaimed Nephrology in 30 Days extracted the most clinically relevant information on acid base and electrolyte disorders from that great resource and streamlined it for use at the point-of-care with a bulleted format and plenty of tables.

Table of contents
Chapter 1: Body fluid compartments and intravenous fluid replacement

1. Body fluid compartments
2. Intravenous solutions
3. General principles
4. Assessing extracellular fluid volume
5. Fluid resuscitation
6. Clinical examples of fluid resuscitation
Chapter 2: Disorders of Na+ balance (edema, hypertension or hypotension)

1. Introduction
2. Regulation of Na+ transport in kidney
3. Disorders associated with increased total body Na+ (ECF volume expansion)
4. Clinical manifestations of increased total body Na+ (ECF volume expansion)
5. General approach to the edematous patient
6. General treatment of the edematous patient
7. Clinical manifestations of decreased total body Na+ (ECF volume depletion)
8. General approach to the volume depleted patient
9. General Treatment of the Volume Depleted Patient

Chapter 3: Disorders of water balance (hypo and hypernatremia)

1. Introduction
2. Hyponatremia
3. Etiology of hyponatremia
4. Signs and symptoms
5. Diagnosis
6. Treatment
7. Hypernatremia
8. Etiology
9. Signs and symptoms
10. Diagnosis
11. Treatment

Chapter 4: Diuretics

1. Introduction
2. Sites of diuretic action in kidney
3. Diuretic resistance
4. Clinical conditions associated with diuretic resistance
5. Treatment of diuretic resistance

Chapter 5: Disorders of K+ balance (hypo and hyperkalemia)

1. Introduction
2. K+ homeostasis
3. Role of K+ in the resting membrane potential
4. Cellular K+ distribution
5. K+ handling by the kidney
6. Factors controlling renal K+ excretion
7. Hypokalemia8. Etiology
9. Increased cellular K+ uptake
10. Increased renal K+ losses
11. Approach to the patient
12. Clinical manifestations
13. Treatment
14. Hyperkalemia
15. Etiology
16. Approach to the patient
17. Clinical manifestations
18. Treatment

Chapter 6: Metabolic Acidosis

1. Acid-Base Chemistry and Biology
2. The Bicarbonate Buffering System
3. Acid Excretion by the Kidney
4. Clinical Approach to the Patient with an Acid-Base Disorder
5. Pathophysiology, Compensation and Consequences
6. Use of the Serum and Urine Anion Gap in the Differential Diagnosis of
Metabolic Acidosis
7. Differential Diagnosis of Metabolic Acidosis
8. Causes of Metabolic Acidosis
9. Treatment of Metabolic Acidosis

Chapter 7: Metabolic Alkalosis

1. Introduction
2. Maintenance of Metabolic Alkalosis
3. Clinical Features
4. Differential Diagnosis
5. Cl--Responsive and Cl--Resistant Causes of Metabolic Alkalosis
6. Treatment

Chapter 8: Respiratory and mixed acid-base disturbances

1. Respiratory Disturbances
2. Respiratory Acidosis
3. Respiratory Alkalosis
4. Mixed Disturbances

Chapter 9: Disorders of Serum Calcium

1. Regulation
2. Hypercalcemia
3. Hypocalcemia

Chapter 10: Disorders of Serum Phosphorus

1. Regulation
2. Hyperphosphatemia
3. Hypophosphatemia

Chapter 11: Disorders of Serum Magnesium

1. Introduction
2. Hypomagnesemia
3. Hypermagnesemia

Chapter 12: Appendix

1. Introduction
2. Clinical assessment of glomerular filtration rate (GFR)

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